Challenges of International Health Essay

1609 Words 7 Pages
“Health problems, issues, and concerns that transcend national boundaries, may be influenced by circumstances or experiences in other countries, and are best addressed by cooperative actions and solutions” would best define global health. With its primary focus on low and middle-income countries, challenges of international public health continue to change and grow depending on the interest of the membership. In order to participate in cooperative actions and have successful solutions, one must understand the progress made so far, the challenges that remain, and what must be done to address them most effectively. With the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), issues concerning global health were interconnected to the poverty …show more content…
Above all, the most challenging issues women face are FGM, violence and sexual abuse, maternal morbidity and mortality.
“In the country of Sierra Leone, up to 90% of women face female genital mutilation,” (you tube clip) therefore, making it an important issue on the global scale. The World Health Organization defines FGM as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.” The removal of or damage to healthy, normal genital tissue interferes with the natural functioning of the body and causes several immediate and long-term physical, psychological and sexual consequences. Also, as traditional practitioners carry out this procedure with unsanitary razor blades, knives, or glass harmful effects can cause severe bleeding, problems urinating such as obstetric fistula, and later, potential childbirth complications, death of the mother and/or of the child. Given these points, it can be supported that FGM is closely related to the culture and lack of education in particular countries worldwide. In order to overcome this harmful traditional practice, commitment from the government of these countries needs to enforce laws that specifically prohibit FGM. As well, non-governmental organizations’ (NGOs) should continue with works of abandonment in a collective way by using education on human rights, a dialogue to let

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