Catholics and Protestants in Northern Ireland Essay

1108 Words 5 Pages
The Protestant treatment toward Catholics in Northern Ireland throughout the 1960’s was depressive. Irish Catholics suffered in many ways and were treated as second class citizens in their homeland. In what ways did the Protestants politically isolate and marginalize the Catholic population? In order to answer this question, I will look at primary and secondary source documents that address political positions held by Protestants and Catholics. I will also look for laws and decrees that were passes to examine if they unfairly targeted specific parts of the population in Northern Ireland.

Summary of Evidence:
Political
• ”James II was an earnest Roman Catholic who wanted to put his co-religionists in position of power wherever
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Catholics were also discriminated against over leases and mortgages…Catholics came to have control over less and less land. Also, Catholics could not have firearms, nor even horses worth more than five pounds.”
“Protestant employers favored hiring Protestant workers first and Catholics last, and reversing this order when it came to laying off workers in hard times.”
“One simple solution is heard in some Protestant circles. It is ‘Catholics out.’”
• “Catholic majorities received only three-quarters of the amount of employment location awards enjoyed by Protestant areas between 1949-63.”
“Catholic rates of unemployment were twice as high”
“The exclusion of Catholics from the public and private sectors appealed to receive official sanction”
“In 1928, only 5 percent of the workforce was Catholic, although Catholics amounted to one-quarter of the population of the city.”
“After World War II, discrimination increased as competition developed for quality new housing…There was a tendency to allow Catholics to continue to reside in slum dwellings…Catholics perceived themselves as victims of the arbitrary

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