Essay about Battered Woman Syndrome

1422 Words 6 Pages
1. Under current law, what circumstances must exist for an incident to be determined a clear case of self-defense?
Self-defense is defined as the use of reasonable force to protect oneself or family from bodily harm (Hill& Hill, 2013). This means that any person who is threatened with bodily harm can legally retaliate with reasonable force to protect against bodily harm or death. Most states define this as equal or the least amount of force necessary to stop danger when the person perceives imminent danger of bodily harm or death (Fulero & Wrightsman, 2010). The circumstances that must be present for the act to be determined self-defense includes a serious threat of harm, imminence of danger, no responsibility in the provocation of the
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Next is the acute battering incident. In this phase, the abuse escalates to more severe abuse which can include emotional, physical, and sexual abuse resulting in the establishment intimidation (Fulero & Wrightsman, 2010). The next phase is the contrite phase. In this phase, the batterer may become remorseful and apologetic offering promises and gifts to the abused. The batterer may also develop feelings of guilt, remorse, and even denial. The batterer makes the abused believe that the incident will not be repeated and offer signs of remorse to the abused. The last phase in the cycle is the calm phase. In this phase, the abused will forgive the abuse or disregard the abuse (Fulero & Wrightsman, 2010). Through this phase, there is not abuse and the woman may be encouraged to change or that the batterer has changed. The cycle then continues with another tension-building phase and continues through each phase. However, with each completion of one cycle, the violence level begins to escalate more.
4. What is learned helplessness and how has it been applied to battered woman syndrome (BWS)?
Learned helplessness is a condition that is developed in response to being repeatedly exposed to an aversive stimulus that is unescapable (Cherry, 2014). With repeated exposure to the aversive stimulus, the subject will stop trying to avoid the stimulus and begin to behavior helplessly in an effort to change the situation. In regards to battered woman

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