Acuate Renal Failure Questionnaire Essay

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Acute Renal Failure

Introduction:
Almost every organ in the human body serves an important role. One key organ for the urinary system is the kidneys. The kidneys main function is to filter out the blood that is going throughout each system, as well maintaining correct fluid levels for the body. The kidneys also regulate blood volume, blood pressure, blood pH, and produces the hormones erythropoietin (important for the production of red blood cells) and vitamin D (the sunshine drug for maintaining healthy bones). The normal human body has two brown, fist size kidneys. Some people only have one kidney and can still live normal healthy lives with just one. When your kidneys fail to remove waste and balance fluids and
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Discuss, compare and contrast the 3 stages?
There are many diagnostic exams that are used to diagnose acute renal failure. Some of these tests include an ultrasound, CT scan, X-ray, MRI, a kidney biopsy, a blood test, and a urine test. Some tests a doctor would have a patient take is an X-ray, ultrasound, and blood (BUN test and creatinine test) and urine test in the prerenal stage. The BUN test helps show the kidney function by showing us the urea nitrogen in the blood. A patient with acute renal failure will have an increase BUN, increase creatinine, increase potassium, and increase phosphorous level. The creatinine test is a blood and urine test that shows how much the kidneys are filtering substances out of the blood. In the intrarenal and postrenal stage the patient will obtain an EKG, US, KUB, and CT scan which identifies any new causes of pain or abnormalities. In the both these stages, antibiotics, NSAIDS, glomerulonephritis, renal calculi, urinary tract obstruction, and spinal cord disease are some common risk factors. CT scans, EKG, urine tests and X-ray will identify any of these problems along with the other tests listed above.
3. What are the subjective and objective signs and symptoms of acute renal failure? In this answer, discuss the following term; asthenia, azotemia, uremia, oliguria, anuria. Some subjective data for acute renal failure would be if the patient states he/she has night sweats during the

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