Essay On Heart Failure

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Medical conditions are bound to increase due to change in lifestyles. One of the life threatening conditions is heart failure. The heart is a muscular structure that pumps blood to all parts of the body. Heart failure results when the heart fails to pump enough blood hence increased overload. The pathophysiology occurs as a result of increased workload on the left ventricle especially in patients with hypertension. This leads to enlargement of the muscles; enlarged muscles lack sufficient oxygen supply due to reduced supply of coronary artery to the muscles of the heart.
Patients present with palpitations, increased breathing, orthopnea, night breathlessness, easy fatigue and other signs. The predisposing factors include; hypertension, lack
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They block the effect of adrenaline that is a vasoconstrictor. Adrenaline constricts the blood vessels causing increased blood pressure. High blood levels overwork the heart leading to an increased size of heart muscles in turn failing the heart. Beta-blockers lower the heart rate which decreases heart 's oxygen demand. Beta blockers also decrease rennin production reducing oxygen demand of the heart. They are used in the long-term management of chronic failure of the heart. Examples of this class of drugs includes; propranolol, atenolol, labetalol, carvedilol, acebutolol and …show more content…
In managing heart failure, a balanced diet is essential for immunity purposes. Cholesterol levels should be observed since high intake of fat foods leads to blockage of the coronary artery leading to ischemic heart diseases. Patients should also take low salt concentration to avoid volume overload. Green vegetables and fibers help in reducing fat levels. They should be observant on the fluid intake especially if they experience shortness of breath. Alcohol should be avoided at all cost to prevent complications Cigarette smoking is very dangerous and can cause irreversible damage. The patients should be concerned about their weight since increased weight leads to easy fatigue. If patients can adhere to these changes, then life would run smoothly. The patient should be advised to change to the current diet. Some cultures are heard to change like some people believe animal fat is the best, but you should explain to the patient the effect of taking saturated fat and what it would cost them. One should not be ill about their cultures but giving them health education makes them gain information that may slowly change their

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