Why Do Cellphone Use The Cell Phones Affect An Individual 's Driving While Operating A Driving Simulator?

983 Words Nov 1st, 2016 4 Pages
In the past few years, there have many deaths and car accidents that have occurred due to reckless driving. Reckless driving would include talking or playing with one’s cell phone while driving. Even though through commercials cellphone use can be a one of the major causes of driving accidents, what ways of cellphone usage is the most distracting? Strayer and Johnston (2001) wanted to figure how dual tasked and single tasked could affect an individual’s driving while operating a driving simulator. In Strayer et al. research, they focused on cellphone conversations, wanting to figure out the extent of how talking on one’s phone is a distraction and its’ interference. In the study, the researchers conducted two hypotheses. The first hypothesis, the peripheral-interference hypothesis, is associated with the peripheral interference that cell phones can cause such as holding the phone while talking with it. The second hypothesis, the attentional hypothesis is associated with any intervention to sidetracking one’s attention to actual phone conversation. In Experiment 1, the purpose of Strayer and Johnston’s (2001) first study was to detect the difference between conversing with a hand held cellphone and with a hands free cellphone during a driving simulation. In the research design, a control group was added; this group would be listening to the radio during the driving simulation. In the driving simulation, if the participants saw a green light, they were asked to progress…

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