Whitetail Deer Essay

692 Words Sep 28th, 1999 3 Pages
The whitetail deer, or scientifically known as Odocoileus virginianus, is one of the most known animals in America. They are found just about everywhere in the United States and can also be found in Canada, Mexico, and Central America. Because they are found all over, deer hunting has become a major sport and in the U.S. People hunt them for food and also for the challenge of getting the "big buck."
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<br>Whitetails usually grow to three and a half foot tall and weigh 50 to 400 pounds depending on whether it is male or female. The deer reaches its biggest size in the north, up to 4 feet tall and 400 pounds, and it's smallest in the south, where they barely weigh more than 50 pounds. During the summer and fall their fur is reddish brown
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Within this range is all the necessary needs for survival, including food, water, escape cover, and shelter. The only time they leave this range is during breeding season, when a buck may leave to find a partner.
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<br>Whitetails are known as browsers, because they wander looking for food, but they stay close to the woods for quick escape cover. The deer's feeding habits are flexible, they eat green plants, acorns, nuts, corn, and browse on twigs and buds of birch, maple, and conifer trees.
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<br>The breeding season of the deer begins in October. During this time the bucks fight fierce battles for possession of the does. During some of these battles the horns of the deer become interlocked and they both starve to death. The young fawns are usually born in May. They may range from three to eight pounds at birth, but they double in size during the next two weeks. Fawns are born with natural camouflage, have white spots on their back. The number of fawns that a doe has depends on how old it is. The firstborn is always single, then after that she could have two or three, or in the very rare cases four. The life expectancy for whitetails is fifteen to twenty years, and during her first fourteen years a doe could have thirty-one fawns.
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<br>Whitetail deer are some of the most abundant mammals in North America, and they go back almost 2.5 million years. They were in large numbers until the mid 1800's when the popularity of deer hides and meat

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