Essay about What Are The Five Philosophies Of Education

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Each teacher has his or her own method of teaching. No one teacher teaches the same way as another. These methods are manifested in a teacher’s education philosophy, or “the principles that guide professional action.”(Parkay, 2015, p.114) A teacher creates his or her philosophy by examining his/her beliefs in a variety of categories, like what a teacher’s role should be, what a student’s role should be, and what should be taught. When the teacher has thoroughly examined his/her educational views, they have generated their educational philosophy. There are five main philosophies of education, two of which are essentialism and existentialism (Parkay, 2015, 123). Essentialism is a philosophy with an overall goal of educating children on the basic knowledge that they will need to become productive citizens (Erkilic, 2008, p.2). Essentialism is a teacher-centered approach, meaning that there is a focus on curriculum (Parkay, 2015, 126). Providing students with critical thinking and civic values are more important than bettering the individual or discussing social justice issues. A school is designed to be a practical place for children to obtain the instruction they need, and should not influence social policies (Erkilic, 2008, p.2). Essentialists believe that children need to be pushed by an adult. The desire to learn and to put in the effort does not come naturally. Teachers need to spark the flame and stoke the fire. The teacher is viewed as an authoritative figure. They…

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