Vygotsky: A Psychological Analysis

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Vygotsky believes that schooling plays a significant role in the mental development of children; this essay will discuss the reason to his belief of the statement. The essay will be discussing the role of social factors in development through the explanation of number systems, the importance of psychological tools in the development of a child and the difference between school knowledge and everyday knowledge as well as how it links with the zone of proximal development.
Social factors are factors that influence the development of the child through interaction with someone who is more knowledgeable than them. Social factors that play a role in the development of a child are sign systems which help the child communicate with their peers these
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Psychological tools include speech (language), numbering and writing systems and memory aids. Speech is recognised by Vygotsky as the most important psychological tool of a growing child (Crain, p. 198, 1992), this tool in the development of the child is important because it enable the child to be able to communicate with their peers, it also helps the child to think as an individual (Crain, 1992). Number systems and writing systems were created by humans in order to historically create to keep permanent records of information (Crain, p.198, 1992). The importance of number systems is that it will enable the child to think quantitatively and be able to communicate quantitatively. Writing systems benefit the child because they enable the child not to be limited to just expressing themselves through speech but also through writing and …show more content…
The assistance can come from anyone who knows more than the child. The Zone of Proximal Development reveals the abilities that child can do and where assistance can be provided in order for the child to move onto higher mental functions. In the Zone of Proximal Development was divided into two aspects that described the levels in which the child develops. The first aspect focuses on how the child is able to solve problems on their own without any help (Chaiklinch, p 41, 2003). The second aspect involves the child solving problems with some help in the process this reveals the abilities with the child has as well as the characteristics of the child (Chaiklinch, p 42,

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