Learning Theory: Vygotskian Zone Of Proximal Development

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1. Vygotskian zone of proximal development
This concept of development takes place in steps and that students need a challenge to grow. ZPD is the gap between learners’ actual development and the potential to be developed. By example a learner who struggles with math now won’t be able to do the work but with some practice the student will be able to do the work. ZPD reflects not only on existing levels of intellectual attainment but also the potential for development as well as an interest in improving instructional methods
The purpose of ZPD is where the student may be cued and prompted to develop by the teacher. This concept also encourages the student and the teacher to talk about specific and cultural settings in the students’ life.
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2. Difference between learning theory and instructional theory
Learning theory is how students learn under all conditions and situations. Instructional theory is the best way for teaching to take place more successfully in certain context and practical circumstances.
Instructional theory is a process of determining the needs of the students and helping the students to reach there end goals. Most of the theories are based on the ‘’ADDIE models’’ five phases: analysis, development, design, implementation, and evaluation. An example of this is when the teacher dose an assessment to see how much the students know and how much they still have to learn by doing this provides a good base line of where the students are in their studies. The student also know whether they are working hard enough to pass the subject.
Learning theories are often used for guides of education but there has been a concern about the learning methods that enhance long-term retention of information and skills that are learned in
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It is learning through repetition it is mostly used for passing exams. Rote learning is also the most used learning method by school children because it is the easiest way to study and also the fastest way but it is not affective when studying complex work. Rote learning is most effective at the basic level of learning for example learning the alphabet, multiplication tables and basic formulas in science. 3.5 Experiential learning
Real learning comes from life-experience and activities from the student and the emotions that the student goes through during these experiences. The students also gain experiences from watching events that has an effect on them. The information can be quickly forgotten unless you reflect on what you have learnt. Learning is more effective when you are aware that you are actually learning something.
There are a lot of ways students can learn from experiences but it is whether these students want to learn for example if you practice in a note book and you only look at the work you will not understand anything but by taking the work in the note book and doing it in a real life experience you will understand the meaning of what is being

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