Violence is defined as a physical act of aggression by one individual or group of individuals against others.
According to United States, violence against women can be defined as “Any act of gender based violence that results in or is likely to result in threats, harm or suffering to women whether physical, sexual or psychological, occurring in public or private life.
The basic reasons for violence against women are economic dependence, poverty, lack of awareness, social stigma that men are superior, education, gap between enactment of law and their implementation, etc.
Aditi Pandey in her Article, ‘Violence of Human Rights’ in Social …show more content…
Female targeted violence was not explicitly acknowledged by International Community till December 1979, when United Nations General Assembly adopted a declaration on the Elimination of Violence against women. Convention laid the foundation and universal standard for women’s equal enjoyment without discrimination of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. Its articles call on governments to ensure the eradication of such abuses. Until that point, most government tended to regard violence against women as private matter between individuals and not as a pervasive Human Rights problem requiring state intervention.
Exploring the Role of Law: State, Women and Violence
Strong methods are required to deal with these crimes. Basic common factors of crimes against women are:- (1) offences are one sided; (2) without provocation; (3) victim is always an innocent woman. In most offences women suffered by acts of men but in other cases like dowry death, women are subject to violence by other women.
Women become victim of other failings of men like drinking, gambling etc. which is continuous, severe and without reason. For monetary consideration, women are forced to prostitution by their men. With the fear of non-acceptance by society, they choose suicide, death as the ultimate solution to all problems.
Reasons for such crimes or …show more content…
Laws for protection of women against violence:-
Females fall prey to violence before they are born, when expectant parents abort their unborn daughters, hoping for son. In country like India, wedding are preceded by the payment of an agreed upon dowry by the bride’s family. Failure to do so can lead to violence.
Section 498A of Indian Penal Code, 1860 provides for Cruelty by husband or his relatives as an offence. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 deals with protection of women from different kinds of domestic violence. Other laws such as Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956; Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956; Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961; etc. all favour women.
If we talk about marital rape, it is unrecognised by our legal system and this legal reluctance is the product of social notion that wives are the property of their husband and this sexual property of husband is seen as inevitable heritage of a patriarchal society.
Critically Interrogating Women in Private and Public