Vaccination And Immunizations Of The Smallpox Vaccine Essays

808 Words Oct 17th, 2016 4 Pages
According to Kathleen Berger, immunizations alone have a huge impact on the survival rates of our society versus any other public health measures besides our clean drinking water (Berger 107).
Vaccination and Immunizations are considered interchangeable terms and can mean the exact same thing. The definition of both is defined as “A process that stimulates the body’s immune system to defend against attack by a particular contagious disease” (Berger 107). In 1796, an English doctor by the name of Edward Jenner administered what we know today as the very first vaccination. Edward Jenner hypothesized that a disease called cowpox could have immunity against smallpox. Jenner tested his hypothesis on an 8-year-old little boy named James Phipps by taking a sample from a milkmaid’s arm who was currently suffering from cowpox. The little boy then became very sick with cowpox however, he then recovered rather quickly. This was considered the first successful attempt in vaccinations (Encyclopedia.com). Edward Jenner is now considered the founder of immunology and his discovery of the smallpox vaccine has changed the future of vaccinations as we know it. (Encyclopedia.com) He was the first to use a weakened form of a virus to cure his patient. Because of this, is can also be described as the “first pioneer of the modern science of virology” (Encylopedia.com). From this point forward, we were able to develop many vaccines that are still in use today.
There are currently 10 vaccines…

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