Analysis Of Cloos, Rhonda And Tish Davidson

858 Words 4 Pages
Cloos, Rhonda, and Tish Davidson. Consumer Health Care, Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2014. 264-272. Health and Wellness Resource Center. Web. 13 Nov. 2015.
This article defines what vaccinations are and describes the importance of immunization for the general public. Cloos and Davidson list the most common illnesses and diseases that people are susceptible to, and how the respective vaccines prevent and combat these viruses. They provide support as to why the public should vaccinate themselves, as well as their children.
• Cloos first defines what a vaccine is, stating that “immunization is the process that makes an individual no longer susceptible to a specific infection. Vaccination is the injection or inhalation of a weak-end or dead microbe
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Six weeks later, he then injected the same boy with the smallpox virus. The boy remained healthy and the first vaccination was created (264).
• By the beginning of the 20th century, many more vaccinations had been created—such as the vaccination for plague, rabies, and typhoid fever—and since then we have created vaccines that prevent and combat against over 20 diseases (264).
• While it is rare, serious side effects from vaccinations can occur and therefore the National Injury Compensation Program was created to help families take care of their loved ones who have come face to face with these rare side effects (265).
• There are many common vaccines created to combat or prevent diseases, such as the Polio disease. Two types of polio vaccination were created: the inactivated (IPV) vaccine, or the oral polio vaccine (OPV). However, since 2000, the inactivated vaccine has more commonly used in the United States. The inactivated polio vaccine is injected and given to children in four doses, with a booster dose administered to kids between four to six years old. Before the vaccine was created administered in 1955, deaths caused by polio were common
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However, after Salk vaccine was issued in 1955, cases of polio have dropped tremendously, with the most recent case having been reported in 1993 and occurred out of the United States. Polio has been eliminated from the United States due to the vaccinations (269).
• “Hepatitis A is a severe liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV)” and is spread by consuming food or water infected with HAV. The disease is very dangerous, and 10% of those who contract it end up hospitalized. 3 to 6 out of 1,000 people who contract the disease die. The vaccine prevents hepatitis A and is usually given to children between 12 and 23 months of age (267).
• Hepatitis B is a viral infection of the liver and can lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer. The chronic form of hepatitis B is most commonly seen in infants and children than adults and is spread though contact with infected blood or body fluids, as well as contaminated needles. “Up to 1.4 million people have chronic hepatitis B” in the United States. Since 1991, the hepatitis B vaccine has been recommended for all children in the United States.

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