Us Wars Essay

4419 Words Feb 23rd, 2013 18 Pages
Political Science 120A Midterm Study Questions 1. How does public opinion affect foreign policy? Is public opinion permissive or constraining? Does the U.S. public support the use of force? Under what conditions?
-The public holds the president accountable because he needs approval ratings and support, especially during elections. Public can constrain freedom of action (if the public hates something, the president isn’t going to do it), and the public generally supports war when it is a security issue. It opposes casualties though, and in the case of the Vietnam War, the public urged the U.S. to back down.
If the public does not like something: * permissive (could allow president to do something risky) - tends to rally
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Unfortunately, Saddam Hussein felt threatened by the U.S., despite the fact that he didn’t have WMDs. He felt that the U.S. inspections could be an attempt to overthrow the government. Furthermore, Iraq had enemies in the adjacent Middle East, and he believed they would find him weak if he gave into the U.S.’ demands so easily. It looked like the big guy was trumping all over the little guy; and Saddam was not ready to give in.

5. What factors affect the president’s choice of an advisory system? What are the principal types of systems? Give examples. What should the president consider in designing a system?
A. Cognitive style - papers, briefing, discussion
B. Conception of role - judge or desk officer formulate or choose
C. Orientation to Conflict - comfortable with disagreements or not
D. Political context - favorable or hostile; prevent leaks

I. Competitive Model - FDR, marketplace of ideas
- accessibility
- create competition amongst analysts, created conflict
- overlap in delegation, lines of authority vague
He would put the leftist man and conservative man in charge of same task with little communication between the two.
Advantages: president at center of information; advisors and heads of departments would place information and choices in president’s lap
Disadvantages: put strain and pressure on FDR, and he lost advisors because they were tired of fighting; also inefficient because too many

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