Urbanization And Urbanization

1429 Words 6 Pages
Nearly 52% of the world’s population resides in urban areas; this number is constantly increasing as rural areas are unable to meet basic human needs. For instance, it is more probable that are urban areas are supplies with better health care services, education, employment and food supply and entertainment. Urbanization is defined as a population shift from rural to urban and suburban areas. The effects of high density urban living are cumulative and become hazardous over time as the demand for resources outweigh supply. Urban areas have grown by two tangible measures; natural increase and immigration. We have already discussed the reason for the natural increase from rural to urban, and the second reason for this large increase is immigration …show more content…
Cities are supplied with ample resources such as education, technology, health care treatment and more jobs; all of which contributes to an increased life expectancy for urban dwellers. Urban areas are highly populated and decreases as you move away from the city. The unequal density distribution allows for preservation of biodiversity by concentrating human degradation to one area. Urban areas are energy efficient it utilizes multisystem energy, in which case the energy provided to drive one home is then used to fuel multiple homes instead of an individual standalone …show more content…
Urbanization leads to ineffective energy and resource use and thus citizens live unsustainable. Theories on how to live sustainably can be summed into one solution; do not use more energy than what is provided and reduce consumption (3). The drawback is that more cities typically need more resources than what is provided.
Urbanization is not a singular problem, but it is conglomerated with the overuse of resources and energy that is largely wasted and depletes neighboring rural areas. Many people lack the knowledge of their ecological foot print and thus are unable to make productive change. I contend that making ecological footprint common knowledge as to give residents an opportunity to make sustainable changes.
Macroscale solutions to urbanization include, making the city more green, zoning and optimizing public transportation. Zoning requires government regulations that will organize land and designate areas of the city for a specific purpose. This will help to reduce the overuse of resources but it tends to favor high priced housing and establishments which becomes less affordable for urban dwellers. Secondary this can lead to urban sprawling as housing becomes more costly. Another drawback with zoning is that it has the potential to destroy wetlands, cropland, open space and forest areas which all seem to hold less value

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