Urban Development Essay

980 Words 4 Pages
What are some of the key factors which have driven and facilitated urban development over time? Referring to examples from New Zealand and other countries, explain some of the different types of contemporary cities.

Introduction

Urban development is constantly growing in today’s society due to the world’s population growth and many people are wanting to live in Urban areas opposed to rural areas. In the 30 year period between 2000 and 2030 the UN has estimated that the world population will significantly increase and majority of this increase will occur in urban centres (An introduction to human geography, 2012). This reinforces the idea that the population is preferring to live in urban environments and thus putting pressure on cities in
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• Example: For example, the contemporary city of Auckland in New Zealand is facing the issuing of a housing crisis as a result of a high population living in the urban areas and therefore there is not enough land to build housing to accommodate the ever growing population.

The economic system is under severe pressure because of the stress the ever growing population is putting on the system, in terms of the different aspects such as employment and housing due to the fact our system can only handle so much stress (Getis, Getis, Bjellad, & Fellmann, 2011)

• Concluding comment: Overall it is evident that the key factor of population growth is driving urbanisation because of the fact that if our population was not growing, we would not have a reason to expand cities and thus cities would remain static.

Paragraph 2

• 2nd Key Driver: Technology
• Statement: Technology is another important key factor which has driven and facilitated urban development overtime. Without technology many of the current urban developments would not be here today because of the major role technology plays into today’s modern
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Resources tie into this because many urban centres have education systems, medical centres, supermarkets and a vast range of other things including jobs. Therefore, people are drawn to urban areas for a better quality of life.
Example: Population growth in terms of how many people live in the cities has been increasing since 1800s when it was approximately around 3% of the global population and now it is roughly 50%, displaying a 47% increase (Getis, Getis, Bjellad, and Fellmann, 2011)
• Concluding comment: From this it is evident that many people are moving from Rural to Urban locations as a result of more resources and opportunities the urban areas can offer in comparison to rural areas. This movement is facilitating urban development due to the fact that cities must accommodate the population whom are moving to the cities and as a result urban development and city growth occurs.

Conclusion
In conclusion it is clear that the three key drivers of Population growth, Technology and Urban to rural movement are facilitating and driving urban development in today’s society. These drivers also cross over and interact with each other but also relate to some of the different types of contemporary cities within New Zealand and

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