Essay on Thomas Aquinas And The Intellectual Power

986 Words Dec 1st, 2016 4 Pages
The will at its core is an appetite, appetites are inclined toward a mean. Through appetitive powers we use our unconscious, intentional, sensing or intellect to reach our desires. All powers reach for their respective good. For Thomas Aquinas will is having the intellectual power to be able to perceive the presence of goodness. Beings with intellect hold “ a knowledge whereby they perceive the aspect of goodness” this inclination is the will. All appetites lean towards some form of goodness. The intellectual appetite, which desires knowledge, seeking all goodness. Unlike the other appetites “intellect can act with judgment which is free” it is the only appetite that can judge what is good. Free will acts upon its own judgements, not from the judgments of other forces. Since you must have the intellect to judge between good or bad “wherever there is intellect there is free-will.” Will is free whenever reason is free in its judgment of goodness. The will is the only appetite to make its own personal judgments thereby, “when someone is forced by some agent, so that he is not able to do the contrary. This is called ‘necessity of coercion.’” The will is not able to be coerced because will always reach for the good, it will never make a decision that is not its own choosing. Therefore, “it is impossible for a thing to be absolutely coerced or violent, and voluntary” the will cannot do purposeful evil. The will is always going to look for the best possible outcome, “the will…

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