The War And World War II Essay

1244 Words Apr 3rd, 2016 5 Pages
If J.K Rowling’s quote “fear of a name increases fear of the thing itself” applies to the Second Red Scare, then fear of being named is even more accurate. As the world recovered from tragedies such as the Korean War and World War II, differences between nations were becoming prominent, differences in policies defined by communism and capitalism. Defined by the Internal Security Act of 1950, communism was “a world wide revolutionary movement” aiming to “establish a Communist totalitarian dictatorship in the countries throughout the world through the medium of a world-wide Communist organization.” (Document 8) Despising the idea of communism stripping America’s freedom, the spread of it through other nations quickly instilled worry among citizens as well as the government. Organizations such as the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) and the McCarran Committee sought to counteract this fear, seeking out and interrogating citizens. Targeting primarily those with known left-wing views, people were often persecuted for a lack of defense based in suspicion. Grounded in faith rather than fact, subversion trials such as the famous 1948 case of Alger Hiss resulted in conviction even though evidence was sparse. Being named was a threat and a source of unease whether guilty or not, both from the government or from friends under interrogation. This suspicion and tension grew until 1950, as Senator Joseph McCarthy became the center of attention with an outrageous speech…

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