Climate Change Theory

Ashley Colombe
December 6, 2014
The Theory of Global Warming and Climate Change:
What It Is, What It Has Done, and How to Fix It
The world is constantly going through changes, from freezing winters to hot summers. In recent years weather conditions, among many other things, have changed. Global warming and climate change is one theory that scientists believe has caused these recent occurrences. They have shown vast effects on the environment and the oceans throughout the United States and the world. Global warming has also afflicted animals and insects that inhabit the areas that are affected. Scientist and environmentalists across America have found new ways to reverse the effects of global warming. The solutions will force huge
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The environment throughout the planet has been changing drastically. In his book An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore wrote that Antarctica and The Arctic are affected the most because they are on the top and the bottom of the Earth. The Arctic ice cap keeps the earth cool. The planet is at an increased temperature which has caused the ice cap to thin and melt at a rapid rate. As Al Gore later states, when sun hits the ice it usually reflects it like a giant mirror but with global warming the sun shines on open water causing the ice cap to melt. This means that during those hot months throughout the year, the world will eventually have nothing to cool it down. Its not just the ice caps that are suffering, the plants are too. In Alaska, many of the trees are now known as “drunken trees”, due to the fact that they are leaning from side to side. This is happening because they have been planted in permafrost, which is soil that is permanently frozen, and have lived this way for centuries. Unfortunately, because of global warming, the permafrost is melting causing the trees to become unstable (Gore 89). Eventually this can lead to the them dying, leaving Alaska barren. Although the land masses of the world are effected deeply by the global warming, the oceans are as well. The greenhouse effect has caused the oceans to become warmer than they should be. This has caused harm to many parts of the ocean. In An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore discusses the impact global warming has had on coral reefs throughout the seas. These are important to the ecosystems under the sea, without them the plants and fish that live near or on the coral reefs will die. Gore states that the cause for the coral reef perishing is mostly due to ocean pollution, dynamite fishing, and the increase of ocean water temperature. These habitats are slowly disappearing leaving the animals that

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