Social Learning Theory Essay

1421 Words 6 Pages

Social learning theory by Albert Bandura (1977) practices the same concept with classical conditioning and operant conditioning. This learning theory emphasises on on-going process occurs between stimuli and response. Albert Bandura stated that behaviour is learned from the environment by observational learning. Social learning theory is about the process of interactions between children’s thoughts, feelings and behaviours and the surrounding environment. Social learning theory is divided into six concepts which are expectations, observational learning, behavioural capabilities, self-efficacy, reciprocal determinism and reinforcement.

The principles for each concept are such as expectation, which individual beliefs
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In the first stage, the child will learn from people as they will create and provide examples of behaviour to be observed and imitated. The new behaviour is learned from a feedback which is reinforcement or punishment from the society. For an instance, if the behaviour imitated from the child is not approved by his parents, then the child would not repeat the certain behaviour imitated. However if there is an approval from authorities (external feedback) and the presence feeling of the approval (internal feedback) which are positive, this would help the development of the child’s new behaviour. After that, the child would decide and observe on the consequences of certain behaviour that the he wants to acquire. Then the subject does the identification of the model with the specific behaviours which inquire lots of behaviours being …show more content…
The teacher also needs to point out strengths by the use of encouragement besides approaching behaviour change slowly. For an example, the teacher involves all students to change the environment through teamwork. He also could provide incentives, rewards, praise which would decrease the possibility of giving negative responses among the students. This will ensure the positivity among the students to always interact with each other in finding solutions to

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