The Role Of Confucian Patriarchal Tradition On Women Essay

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In 1979, two thirds of the population were under 30 years old, and the baby boomers of the 1950s and 1960s were starting to have children of their own. In the same year, to combat the rapidly growing population, the Chinese government imposed a policy in which couples were allowed to have only one child. This policy was enforced by forced abortions, sterilizations, and fines to families with two or more children. Confucian patriarchal tradition has been very influential to Chinese custom and has a bias against girls and women. This discrimination is based on how women were no longer responsible for their families once they married into that of their husbands. In modern China, most of this tradition has continued. Therefore, Chinese couples prefer boys, who will be there to care for them in their old age, over girls, who will be married off to a different family. Chinese couples also prefer boys because sons provide better labor, sons pass on the family lineage, and fathers have authority in the household. The one-child policy has exacerbated the discrimination against girls and although the policy has been successful in slowing down the growth rate of China’s population, this imbalanced sex ratio has created social consequences for women worthy of investigation, including work opportunities, demand for brides, and the role of women in the household.
The sex ratio, the proportion of male live births to female live births, ranges from 1.03 to 1.07 in…

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