The Punishment Mechanisms Of Probation And Parole Essay

2239 Words Nov 3rd, 2016 9 Pages
The punishment mechanisms of Probation and Parole grew from historically divergent origins. Briefly outline those different origins and discuss the ways in which their original purposes have evolved.

Probation and parole both originated to provide a second chance to certain convicted offenders. They aimed to reduce the exposure of redeemable offenders to incarceration and determine their ability to rehabilitate and live within society without recidivism (MacKenzie 2002; GOOGLE BOOK). Parole refers to the supervised conditional release of an offender from incarceration prior to the end of their sentence (Parole 2016). Parole is a privilege that offenders must earn through good behaviour exhibited while incarcerated. Convicts are only eligible for parole after serving their minimum sentence period and being determined suitable by a parole board (source 1, Parole 2016). In contrast, probation is a court ordered suspension of an offender’s sentence on the promise of good behaviour (Probation 2016). Any breach of this promise or probation conditions results in the offender reappearing before the court and facing imprisonment. Currently both probation and parole exist under the umbrella of community corrections and require offenders report to respective correctional officers who are responsible for their supervision (MacKenzie 2002).
Despite the above similarities the two concepts originated from divergent origins. This essay will briefly highlight these historical differences…

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