Effectiveness Of Punishment Vs Rehabilitation

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Register to read the introduction… Once balance is restored, the chances of the prisoner re-offending are diminished (Inayatullah, 2011).
In contrast, there is the punishment model. Inayatullah (2011) states that the argument is that all the rights are given to the offender and the victim has none. Therefore in this approach, the best way to reduce present day and future crimes is to keep serious offenders in jail. Evidence shows that twenty-five percent of criminal activity can be reduced by lengthy prison sentences. With the punishment model, there could be a deterrance of crime by new or repeat offenders.
Effect on the offender
Rehabilitation wants to educate individuals about the wrong choices that they have made and help encourage these individuals to make better choices in the future. Rehabilitation recognizes that offenders may be victims of social economic conditions, and wants to help offenders learn from their mistakes, with the intention of not committing crimes when they get released. Meta-analysis is the study of other studies. The studies test the effectiveness of various programs of correctional treatment. Advocates of rehabilitation believe that meta-analysis can be used to supply deposits of prior research
…show more content…
While there is wide consensus that tougher penalties are necessary and appropriate for those convicted of serious violent or sex offenses, many policymakers are questioning the need for long prison terms for people convicted of less serious crimes such as nonviolent drug offenses. Some of these provisions were reversed during the fiscal crisis earlier this decade, resulting in severe prison overcrowding. States are also presented with a growing number of elderly and chronically ill prisoners whose ongoing care requires significant resources. To address these issues, officials have added or modified the laws and policies that determine the amount of time people spend in prison. These changes have the potential to lower prison populations, allowing states to close facilities and reduce corrections expenses in the longer term (Scott-Hayward, …show more content…
(2011). Crime and Prisons: Beyond the rehabilitation and punishment debate. Retrieved from http://proutglobe.org/2011/05/crime-and-prisons-beyond-the-rehabilitation-and-punishment-debate/

Lipsey, M.W. & Cullen, F. T. (2007, December). The Effectiveness of Correctional Rehabilitation: A Review of Systematic Reviews. Retrieved from Annual Review of Law and Social Science website: http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev.lawsocsci.3.081806.112833

Miceli, V. (2009, May). Analyzing the Effectiveness of Rehabilitation Programs. Senior Honors Projects. Retrieved from University of Rhode Island DigitalCommons@URI website: http://digitalcommons.uri.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1160&context=srhonorsprog Ministry of Justice. (2010, December). Breaking the cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of Offenders. Retrieved from http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20120119200607/http:/www.justice.gov.uk/consultations/docs/breaking-the-cycle.pdf

Petersilia, J. (2011, October). Beyond the prison bubble. Retrived from the National Institute of Justice website:

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