Parliamentary System Vs. Presidential System
Within the Parliamentary system, the executive and legislative powers are fused together to set and control the government (Mintz et al. 331-332). Both the Prime Minister (PM), who is the elected leader and their appointed Cabinet make up the executive power (Canadian Ministry) within the Parliamentary system (329). Cooperation between the executive and legislative branches (House of Commons and Senate) is necessary for the government to function properly and efficiently. The PM delegates which department each Cabinet member (Minister) will be in charge of, such as transport, foreign affairs, international trade, etc. These Ministers work with the PM to develop laws and policies based on issues in their respective departments (339).
Canadian Parliament consists of the Monarch (represented by the Governor General), House of Commons (of which the Canadian Ministry are all members) and Senate. These groups are responsible for the conception, creation, debate, amendment, and approval of all federal legislation (Mintz et al. 343). Within …show more content…
The first major advantage of Parliamentary government is that there is no election to select the PM directly. Parliamentary elections function using a straightforward principle that the majority rules (Mintz et al. 332). People vote for the person that will represent their riding (consisting of 100,000 people) (Bourne, Class Notes). The political party whose candidates are the most successful become the leading party. The leader of the winning party then becomes the Prime Minister