The New York Police Department Essay

814 Words Sep 30th, 2015 4 Pages
The New York Police Department has grown significantly over the past 160 years. Now there are a little under 35,000 uniformed officers vigilance officers in the streets and 51,000 employees overall. There are 8 million people in New York City with a ratio of 4.18 police officer per 1,000 people. The NYPD mission was to improve the lifestyle of the city by “enforce the law, preserve the peace, reduce fear, and provide for a safe environment” (NYPD Mission). The NYPD duties are “enforcing laws, conducting patrols, issuing citations, investing crimes, collecting evidence, arresting suspects, completing paperwork and testifying in courts” (Work). The structure of the NYPD, “rank from lowest to highest recruit officers, probationary police officer, police officer, detective, sergeant, lieutenant, captain, deputy inspector, deputy chief, assistant chief, bureaus chief, chief of department” (Work). Originally the department had a much smaller footprint.
The New York Police Department began to patrol the street with approximately 800 men and the first Chief of Police, George W. Matsell in July 1845. At that time city’s population was 320,000. Before the the establishment of the the Municipal Police, the community relied on an old night watch system. Prior to 1845, the night watch system was a system where a group of men were hired by the state to prevent crime and to enforce the law. The nightwatch system wasn’t effective because the watchmen slept or drank on duty. There are many…

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