The Negatives And Cons Of Utilitarian Ethics

1271 Words 5 Pages
Part A
Utilitarianism
The choice of action you decide on taking will have both positive and negatives for the stakeholders involved in this situation. Under the utilitarian ethics, 5 stakeholders must be examined, and they are; Beth, Samantha, customers, Samantha’s family, and yourself. For the assumed effect below, the action is that you tell Samantha about Beth stealing from the shop.
Stakeholder Assumed effect Outcome

Nathan Samantha will almost certainly be annoyed that you have kept a big issue from her. This will cause tension between you and her, and make work uncomfortable. You may be also fired, if she decides she can’t trust you enough.

Negative

Beth She will most likely be fired. This will affect how she can tend for her
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Customers may also be mistrusting of other employees if they became aware that an employee was stealing.

Negative

Samantha’s family Jinx could potentially be taken away from Beth, if she can’t provide for her properly, leaving psychological issues on both mother and daughter.
Negative
All stakeholders will have negative outcomes if the matter is brought to Samantha’s attention. The only people who would have a negative outcome if you didn’t tell, is Samantha and customers. Samantha would have to raise prices, thus leaving customers upset. It would be morally correct under utilitarianism, for you to keep this matter to yourself, as Beth’s overall happiness of keeping her job outweighs the unhappiness of unemployment and putting her child at risk. Kantian ethics
For you to take a Kantian approach, you must do what is morally right, regardless of the consequences. Kant believes that lying is always morally wrong, so the maxim must not be about lying.
The maxim: it is my duty to always tell the truth.
We must test this maxim against the categorical imperatives; universal acceptability, and respect (Kant, Wood & Schneewind,
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By doing this, there will be a lot of unhappiness inside and out of the business. There are too many negative consequences; Beth not being able to provide for her child, her child possibly being taken away from her, greater costs of training a new employee for Samantha, and the mistrust that could follow between employer and employee. Virtue ethics should be disregarded as it can be argued that telling Samantha is not very courageous, because it doesn’t benefit anyone, except your self-satisfaction

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