Essay on The Medical Model Of Mental Illness

886 Words Mar 6th, 2016 4 Pages
The recovery paradigm differentiates from the medical model with the therapist as the source of healing and instead cultivates the power that the consumer holds regarding the processes and outcomes of treatment. According to Ralph, Lambert, and Kidder (2002) practitioners must refrain from seeing those with mental illness as perpetually disabled and instead as people that can recuperate. The client becomes the consumer and is expected to take responsibility for their situation as well as their course of treatment. Within the recovery model there is no finite cure, moreover the goal of treatment is for clients to live a fruitful life while taking into account that relapse may happen and is not indicative of failure (Onken, Craig, Ridgeway, Ralph, Cook, 2007). The medical model views mental illness as a disease or abnormality in the brain that must be cured through evidence based treatments (Beecher, 2009). Interventions have scientific research that proves their efficacy and rehabilitation is only achieved when symptoms are eradicated. This view of mental illness can carry with it stigma, both external and internal. The client may subconsciously become a passive participant and may become dependent on the provider (Steiner, 2014). The recovery model’s main advantage lies with its flexibility and individualized practices (Freese, Stanley, Kress and Vogel-Scibilia, 2001). Services are designed to bestow dignity upon the consumer and increase accountability. According to…

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