Essay on The Marxist Theory Of Imperialism

2029 Words Aug 22nd, 2014 9 Pages
This essay will discuss the major features and debates around the Marxist approach to society, where society is based upon conflict between groups, such as the ‘haves’ and the ‘have-nots’ (Sociology Central, 2005). It will do this by going into details of Marxism and criticism from the 1930’s to the 1980’s. This will include, but is not limited to the theory of hegemony by Gramsci; Dunayevskaya’s discovery of state capitalism in the Soviet Union; Baran and Sweezy on monopoly capitalism and imperialism; Poulantzas view on state power; Althusser’s Marxist structuralism; technology, functionalism and rational choice according to Cohen; and lastly some very important points to discuss from a Marxist approach which are class, gender and the Frankfurt School.
To first understand Marxist theory, we must first discuss the three big production models of society in Marx’s theory of history. These are feudalism, capitalism and Marx’s favourite communism. Austin Harrington describes feudalism as to do with the relations of bondage between owners of land and those who do not have land. Those who do not have land are normally referred to as peasants. Then there is capitalism, which are based on the relations of exploitation between owners of land and workers that are property less. And finally communism, which is based on a society that has no classes, this is done by taking away private property and the state (2005).

Marx came up with the theory of historical materialism by gathering…

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