The Importance Of Landpower

1103 Words 4 Pages
This paper will describe what differentiates landpower from the other forms of military power. It will then comment on what landpower is best suited to do, as well as what it is less suited to accomplish. Finally, it will conclude with how the U.S. Army and Marines organized to employ landpower to seize Okinawa during World War II (WWII), and what influence that experience has on how they organize and fight today.
Ground Forces offer the commander the capability to seize and hold territory. This is unique among the various forms of military power, and differentiates landpower from maritime, air, space, and cyberpower. Ground forces can physically occupy and defend territory. Commander’s employ landpower to subdue an enemy and seize their territory
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Airpower enhances unified land operations through its firepower, reconnaissance, and targeting capabilities. Seapower facilitates combined arms maneuver along coastal areas through its firepower, amphibious assault capabilities, and protection functions. Spacepower enables all-weather targeting, and coupled with cyberpower, provides for robust networked communications, and facilitates influence and engagement operations. “Only land power recognizes and embraces the interdependency (on the other services) as part of its …show more content…
Army and Marines organized the way they did to seize Okinawa in WWII. It also informs how that shared WWII experience in the Pacific contributes to the way U.S. ground forces continue to task organize and fight as a joint landpower team today. Tentative Operations Plan (OPLAN) ICEBERG outlines a joint task organization of both the U.S. Army and Marines under a single unified landpower command, the Tenth U.S. Army Headquarters (HQ). The Tenth U.S. Army was subordinate to the Commander of the Fifth Fleet, U.S. Navy. An army corps and Navy Department Marines, organized under the Tenth U.S. Army HQ, which worked for a U.S. Navy numbered Fleet. In addition to this very joint task organization, OPLAN ICEBERG outlines the integration of various forms of both maritime and airpower into the Tenth Army plan. These functions include naval gunfire, underwater demolitions in and around the amphibious assault areas, and minesweepers. In addition to carrier based strike aircraft, airpower provided long range land-based bombers. Tenth Army HQ, a joint command designed to execute unified land operations, coordinated and synchronized all of these elements of military power; interdependence at its best. Heavy bombers can conduct strategic bombing with only fighter aircraft for their protective cover. Submarines sink enemy ships hunting alone or in packs with other naval vessels. But “(o)nly landpower recognizes and embraces the

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