The Importance Of Hypertension In African Americans

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Register to read the introduction… Other risk factors that are increasing the odds for African Americans include, physical inactivity, obesity, tobacco use, excessive salt (sodium intake) and alcohol intake, less potassium and vitamin D intake, stress, and chronic health conditions like kidney disease, diabetes and sleep apnea (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2015).
Pathophysiology
Maintaining a normal blood pressure is dependent on the balance between the cardiac output (stroke volume, heart rate) and total peripheral resistance; hence an alteration in any of these factors can impose changes on the value of the blood pressure. The heart, the sympathetic nervous system and the kidney (extracellular fluid volume and secretion of renin) are the three major
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Due to this major factor, access to health care, cost of treatment and knowledge deficits have greatly affected the prevention and treatment of high blood pressure. African Americans often do not pursue treatment for hypertension until there is significant end organ damage. Apart from higher rates of end organ damage, there are greater prevalence stroke (80%) heart disease (50%) and mortality after myocardial infraction compared to Caucasians (Moulton, 2009). Because Blacks seem to develop more severe hypertension earlier and remain undiagnosed and untreated or ineffectively controlled for longer periods of time, establishing the means for early detection and treatment for hypertension will slow the progression of the disease and its related

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