Designing Effective Science Instruction

Decent Essays
According to Tweed, A, in “ Designing Effective Science Instruction”, Science teachers should be more effective when planning and implementing science content by focusing on some important strategies in order to provide students with meaningful opportunities and refine their science understandings in authentic contexts. One of these important strategies is an engaging student in scientific inquiry. Many science educators think that inquiry-based instruction leads to better science understandings and practices of concepts and develop the logic, thinking, and skills. As a result, they should use instructional techniques to engage students in science inquiry by asking questions that can be classified in many ways such as what, where, how, and …show more content…
These different explanations provide perspectives on what a concept means. Thus, these perspectives provide each student with a basis for developing his or her own understanding of the concept than if only one perspective is presented. Student learning improves when cooperative learning methods are used and discussion is a key feature. To be effective, students need to participate in interactive dialogue with the teacher and one another. Moreover, One of the significant strategies of collaborative teaching and learning is using formal cooperative learning methods in the classroom. Formal cooperative learning consists of students working together, for one class period to several weeks, to achieve shared learning goals and complete jointly specific tasks and assignments. Teachers should introduce students to academic controversy, which is a teaching approach that encourages students to take on and argue for both sides of a controversial issue and come up with a balanced opinion about that issue. Students work in pairs to become familiar with one side of an issue, and then debate with another pair who has become familiar with the opposing …show more content…
Traditionally, The learning environment has been viewed in terms of physical space and the teacher’s arrangement of facilities within the space. Recently, this view of learning environment has been expanded to include aspects of school and classroom climate including the interactions among students, and between teachers and students. This features the importance of matching between students’ preferred learning environments and their academic success. There are some important strategies of creating and organizing a positive learning environment. One significant strategy is that science teachers should teach students to think scientifically. Science teachers must understand science and use their understanding when they plan and teach science, and posses a broad understanding of the nature of science for many reasons. One important reason of understanding the nature of science is that to make accurate interpretations and coherent presentations of the discipline, and to prepare to use the strategy of promoting scientific thinking, thus teaching students how to think scientifically. Therefore, students should be taught a unit about the nature of science that address thinking and working the daily practices of scientists. Another significant reason of science

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    A highly effective science teacher will need to employ a variety of assessment methods to ensure that students are learning within the integrated science instruction. Both formative and summative assessments are used to determine student understanding of the standards, mastery of skills and areas that require to be re-teaching. The science teacher may also implement performance based assessments, rubric scoring of classroom or cooperative work, and student self assessment as additional ways to discover what students understand. Based on the data collected from the assessments, a highly effective science teacher will adjust instructional goals, plans, and teaching strategies. After all, the purpose of assessment is to modify and shape instruction.…

    • 710 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Rationale Model

    • 2626 Words
    • 11 Pages

    The students explain what they observed and discusses with the class while the teacher is pointing out the key aspects of their explanations. The disciplinary core ideas include vocabulary, science or engineering practices, and cross cutting concepts are presented during this stage. This is how the 5E model differs from other instructional models. Other models present the disciplinary core ideas in the beginning of the lesson so students know what to look for, while the 5E model allows students to figure these out on their own making a deeper connection with the material. Prior experiences should also be used as contexts of the explanations (Bybee,…

    • 2626 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    I researched several articles and books to collect information on the inquiry-based teaching model. The inquiry-based instruction model has the students explore a new concept by generating questions, investigating the problem, observe, and apply the new concept to better understand it in a real-world situation. The role of the teacher acts as a coach guiding the learner through the questioning process and leading them to the investigation step to discover how the new concept relates to their world while working in a group setting. The inquiry-based classroom environment creates critical thinkers, life-long learners, ownership of learning and meaning to new concepts. I found this research topic to be a beneficial teaching strategy for to me to incorporate in my 8th grade math classes.…

    • 1030 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    A study conducted by Boekaerts (2002) found, “Students’ motivational beliefs function as a frame that guides their thinking, feelings, and their action in a particular domain (Mensah and Atta, 2015 p. 21)”. If teachers have a better understanding of the emotional and academic support needed by their students during this transitional period, they can make adjustments to their teaching strategies, learning environment, structure, and student involvement, to best suit the needs of their students. For example, if a teacher has a more active class, more stimulated hands on activities may help the students become more involved in active learning. Additionally, if the class is slower or not catching on as quickly, the teacher can adjust the instruction…

    • 1589 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “Science process should be a means by which science knowledge is gained. Students who participate in scientific practices, such as, questioning, hypothesizing, investigating, developing models, interpreting and analyzing data, linking conclusions to data, and sharing findings with others, are able to develop and provide meaning to knowledge and explanations of the natural world”(Cotabish et al., 2013). The classroom should not be filled with questions about how does this lesson relate to me, but rather engaging students to ask why, how, and what questions regarding the lesson. Teachers need to encourage these types of questions because these questions will lead students to be intrinsically motivated to…

    • 2090 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Assessment is an essential part of teaching and learning. Assessment informs me how I teach, and how I should design or change the curriculum to meet with the students’ needs to support their learning. Assessment is also useful for me to provide the students meaningful feedbacks on their learning progress so that they know where they are and what they should do to develop their learning. Assessment can be formative and summative (Griffin, 2014). In my previous placement, I had the opportunities to practice both formative and summative assessments where I assessed the students and monitored their learning progress to reflect my teaching as well as to improve the students learning.…

    • 1029 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    All these elements create a key purpose for the nature of science strand. The elements are put in place so that students learn to develop an understanding of what thinking and working like a scientist is all about. They then can apply this to their science learning. The building science concept books are extremely useful when it comes to teaching science as a student teacher. “Teachers must choose activities that match students’ background knowledge and reasoning skills.” The building science concept resources have helped me with my teaching practices within science.…

    • 797 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    For example, my school is a thinking map school and these organizers have been proven to be successful in aiding students with reading comprehension and writing. Therefore, it is vital for teachers to continuously examine ways to include thinking maps their lesson in order to help students get their thoughts on paper or take notes. Furthermore, Wilson, Faggella-Luby & Yan (2013) discuss the significance of including activities that are on students’levels (p. 29). This goes back to scaffolding the lesson for students. Not to mention, teachers need to ask key questions to get students thinking and having dialogue about the topic.…

    • 1799 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Assignment: Professional Goals Statement The effective science teaching will help students foster and develop conceptual understandings as science learners for the rest of their life. It emphasizes engaging in and learning about scientific practice [1]. By understanding these perspectives can help educators providing more meaningful science teaching environment. The goal of this professional goal statement is to enhance the science and pedagogical knowledge of professional science teachers to improve the student learning outcome in the secondary education as well as the elementary education with a few fundamental goals such as the following: First of all, the goal is to make the student become an active learner by fostering an engaging in the classroom with students by multiple teaching methods. For example, preparing an engaging science lessons with different approach such as auditory, visualization, internet surfing, or group activities.…

    • 892 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Learning and interaction go side by side. We learn by interacting with people or environment around us or both, thus, encouraging learners to participate in the learning process. One such pedagogical approach that is based on learners’ participation is the interactive pedagogy. Therefore, Values and Civic Education which is a programme responsible for the development of learners as individuals and good citizens will be more suitable to be schooled at primary level in an interactive manner. As such, pupils will not only learn the values but also put them into practice.…

    • 1153 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays