Summary: Cultural Competence In Nursing

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“With increasing cultural diversity within our society, nursing students often find the challenge of engaging with a client who appears different and holds different cultural beliefs to be overwhelming.” (Seckman, 2013.) The literature agrees and acknowledges the need for cultural competence among nurses in order to provide safe, quality care to patients. Authors in all the articles acknowledge the fact that the population is becoming increasingly more diverse necessitating a need for students that are educated in cultural competence. Without the training, education and experience, students and new nurses feel as though barriers exist making them feel inadequate and provide a lower quality of care. The issue of cultural competence in nurses …show more content…
By using the Culturalogical assessment, it focuses on some of the major differences that various cultures bring into the setting and opens lines of communication to better learn and serve the patient.
Campinha-Bacote’s Process of Cultural Competence Model Campinha-Bacote’s model includes five constructs: cultural Awareness, cultural Skills, cultural Knowledge, cultural Encounters and cultural Desire, utilizing the acronym, ASKED. (Ingram, 2012.) “This model assists nurses to identify health literacy deficits while simultaneously respecting the cultural norms of diverse populations.” (Ingram, 2012.) Nurses can incorporate culturally appropriate assessments and provide healthcare information for ethnic minorities and thus assist in reducing health disparities (Ingram, 2012.) Campinha-Bacote’s theory utilizes the mnemonic device of ASKED, which serves as a reminder on what is required for culturally competent care. It breaks down the process for nurses. It addresses each aspect from the basic of becoming aware of your own cultural biases to possessing the actual desire to be culturally competent. Nurses must be interested in their patient to actively learn and journey to cultural
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(Seckman, 2013.) “Knowledge of a patient’s health literacy level and the person’s culture based on actual encounters assures that healthcare and related instruction will be comprehensible and culturally relevant.” (Ingram, 2012.) We must protect our licenses from being exposed to ethical or legal issues from incidents, such as miscommunication and patient safety. Ethical responsibilities to patients require that nurses learn about and engage with their patients. By learning about them and what cultural gaps may exist, a nurse can prevent errors or poor patient care which could put their license at risk. Lack of cultural competence and cultural barriers can lead to miscommunication placing the patient’s safety at risk. Incorporating the ‘teach-back’ method stood out as a good example of how good cultural care can make a significant difference (Ingram,

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