Essay: The Importance Of Christianity To Western Civilization

1261 Words 6 Pages
The Roman Empire started to disintegrate in the West and Christianity did not help with its decline. The Emperor Constantine founded the Greek city of Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople, in which he considered Christianity to help strengthen the system but in return it did not. Then the Roman Empire had two capitals Rome and Constantinople, which were administered into two halves. As time went on the center of gravity moved eastward and with the experimentation of caviling the West was left forgotten about. For centuries, the Roman Empire secluded themselves from the diverse groups that they called barbarians (Celts, Germans, Persians, and Arabs) because they did not speak Greek or Latin (so they drew a line between them and the barbarians). …show more content…
For instance, the Greeks thought beauty was linked to good and ugliness to bad, Greeks demonstrated powers of the mind while Christians viewed all souls equal. Christianity gave people a new belief system and meaning towards life, they saw beauty even in the most unpleasant exteriors such as disease, cripple, mutilated, and more giving help to those areas. Intellectually Christianity marked a revolution, compared to Greco-Roman thought, which taught humility, Christian believed and viewed that all men and women were alike because they are all children of God, thus it gave individuals a sense of human unity. Christian dualism later gave the European and Western world Caesaropapism (a political system in which one person holds the powers of ruler and of pontiff) (Palmer, Colton, & Kramer …show more content…
Describe the contributions of the Greeks and Romans to Western Civilization, explaining their accomplishments and the classical virtues they developed. (Essay).
The Greeks and Romans were two different cultures who were setting forth to create what was becoming Europe. The first Indo-Europeans were the Greeks; they came down from the Balkan Peninsula to the Aegean Sea around 1900 B.C.E., occupying most of what has been called Greece since 1300 B.C.E. (Palmer, Colton, & Kramer 2014).
The ancient Greeks were very culturally accomplished such as achieving heights in thoughts and letters, absorbing knowledge, mathematical lore from the Chaldeans, and arts and crafts from Asia Minor. They added everything that they learned and applied it to their culture. The Greeks were the first to write history. Although the Greeks had many accomplishments culturally they also had many classical virtues. Their statues defined values and idealizations of what humans ought to be (noble creatures, dignified, poised, un-terrified by life or death, masters of themselves and feelings) (Palmer, Colton, & Kramer 2014). The Greeks were great architects; making statues and buildings that portrayed balance and order, which influenced other cities. Eventually in 146 B.C.E the Greeks were invaded by Rome and were conquered. Educated Romans began learning from Greek culture because of the admiration they had seen. The Romans had ability to rule but valued the Greeks philosophy. The two cultures were able

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