Behaviourial Learning Theory Essay

1026 Words 5 Pages
Learning is a process that constantly takes place throughout a person’s life, and is not confined to any situation or environment. It can be defined as a measurable, and relatively permanent change in one’s behaviour through experience, observation, instruction or study. When setting out the Declaration of Learning, Honey asserted that learning is ‘the central issue of the 21st Century’ (1998:28-29).
Behaviourial Learning Theory
Behaviourism is a theory that states that all learning stems from passive observation of others’ behaviours in their environment. This theory discredits mental activities as integral to learning. John B. Watson, often credited as the first behaviourist, decided to turn to laboratory experiments, as inner experiences
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Such people need models, concepts, and facts to understand the ideas, and prefer to synthesise and analyse all the data, before drawing it all into a logical theory.
3. Pragmatist:
Pragmatists need to be able to transfer their knowledge into the real world by implementing ideas. They are experimenters, acting out new ideas, trying to see if they work.
4. Reflector:
Reflectors learn by observing and pondering about what happened. They prefer not to be involved in the goings on, but rather to stay on the outside and make observations from different viewing points before they can come to a conclusion.

Kolb’s Learning Model
Kolb’s learning theory lays out four distinctive styles that are based on a four-stage learning cycle. Kolb’s learning model is unique in the sense that it offers a way to understand individual people’s different learning styles, and also explains the cycle of experiential learning. The core of his experiential learning theory is his four-stage cycle of learning, in which concrete experiences provide a basis for observations and reflections. These observations are further refined into abstract concepts producing new implications for actions that are actively tested, creating new

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