The Heretical Concept Of Antimicrobial Resistance Essay
1172 Words Oct 31st, 2015 null Page
In mid 1950 which is known to be one of the most significant year of Medical science when genetically transferred antibiotic resistance was identified in Japan and a theory has established on the basis of scientific data is that during Bacterial conjugation resistance genes or r genes are propagated from one strain to an entire population. Therefore Bacterial Genome evolution has started taking place as one of the major fields in Microbiology, that deals with the importance of horizontal gene transfer(HGT) and its several other aspects in terms of promoting pathogenicity and resistance against antibiotic. Most recently, plasmid mediated antibiotic resistance has become one of the major focus of investigation because of its practical relevance(6-Norman, A., L. H. Hansen, and S. J. Sorensen. 2009. Conjugative plasmids: vessels of the communal gene pool. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 364:2275-2289. [PMC free article] [PubMed].
Integron and antimicrobial resistance:
Recent research has suggested the significance of intergron a mobile genetic element in promoting antibiotic resistance which is being disseminated through horizontal gene transfer. Therefore, integration is considered as a functional gene, which promotes the acquisition and expression of other resistance genes embedded within its gene cassette.
MRSA or Methicillin Resistance Staphylococci has emerged to become as a major concern in public health…