Analysis Of Cephalosporins

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Table 2. Results for the antimicrobial susceptibility tests using the BSAC method

Organism Microbial
Resistance (mm) CFX CXM CTX CPM
Control
310217
704476/2
706498
310258
CFX = Cefalexin. CXM = Cefuroxime. CTX = Cefotaxime. CPM = Cefepime. R = Resistant. S = Sensitive.
Table 2 highlights resistance/sensitive of the dissimilar microorganisms to the different sorts of antibiotics. Data of table 2 demonstrates that E.coli strains produced sort of difference in resistance. 310217 type showed resistant to all antibiotics investigated whereas, E. coli strain 704476/2 showed sensitivity to all antibiotics experimented.

Table 3. Results (below) for the microbial toxin tests performed on selected bacterial organisms.

TABLE:3
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Cephalosporins are a β-lactam grounded antibiotic interfere positively preventing peptidoglycan cell wall construction. It does that through (PBPs) that prevent penicillin-binding proteins from joining muramyl-pentapeptide precursor site D-alanyl-Dalanine, so its stronger than penicillin (Dancer, 2001). In these antibiotics resistance happened through the nature of bacteria, which have chromosomally mediated β-lactamase able or skilled to destroy the structure of lactam ring and through plasmid transferred β-lactamases (Dancer, 2001). Cephalosporins (cefotaxime) third generation counter resistance from carbapenemases and AmpC β-lactamases. β-lactamases with carbapenem hydrolysing action have ability to deactivate spectrum of β-lactam. However, fourth generation of cephalosporins (ceftazidime) less vulnerable to AmpC β-lactamases (Andes et al., 2009). Resistance techniques to cephalosprins involve: PBP substitute by attainment of extra β-lactam resistant PBP and decline in the attraction of PBPs (Livermore …show more content…
That was stated in last century Klebsiella pneumonia and Serratia marcescen resisted an antibiotic. That may be because cephalexin was the first generation of cephalosporin (Knothe et al., 1983; Zhao et al., 2007). A thorough investigation and further analysis of this strain required to be done to decide whether this sort of resistance is definite or experiment error. However, Serratia marcescen strains in general susceptible to carbenicillin and ampicillin in contrast, Serratia marcescen are resistant to cephalosporins (Farrar and O 'Dell N, 1976). It is observed that the second E. coli strain didn’t resistance an antibiotics, whereas entirely generations of cephalosporins tested countered by one E. Coli strain. This may be because of variances between the strains in terms of sensitivity or resistance was detected for entirely cephalosporin antibiotics investigated. It has been well-known that ESBL generating E.coli are irrepressible to cephalosporins (Daoud et al., 2014). This outcome illustrates suggestions like Serratia marcescen required another type of an antibiotics rather than Cephalexin to be treated and cephalosporins might not be effective in treating some diseases of E.

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