The Fourth Amendment And The Constitution Of The United States

821 Words Jul 5th, 2015 4 Pages
The Seventh Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America states, “In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law”
In England, many judges, appointed by the English government, are biased towards the King and although English judges were ruled independent from the throne, King George III did not apply this to the colonies and banned juries in American colonies. As the Constitution was being composed at the Constitutional Convention, Hugh Williamson identified the need to establish provisions for jury trials in civil trials for the new union. The amendment was proposed by James Madison, it was ratified by ¾ of the states (9 of the then 13 states) on December 15, 1791. Its adoption was announced on March 1, 1792, by Secretary of State and future President of the United States Thomas Jefferson.
The seventh amendment was added to complement the sixth amendment, which gave protection to criminals in criminal trials, and allowed for them to have access to a “a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed" In the 1899 Supreme Court case, Capital Traction Co. v. Hof, this law was interpreted as “a trial by a jury of twelve men, in the presence and under the superintendence…

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