Essay on The Five Disciplines Of Qualitative Research
History of Phenomenology
Phenomenology as a long productive history, although the name was created in the early 20th century, phenomenology had been used for many centuries. Hindu and Buddhist philosophers used phenomenology when they reflected on states of consciousness when attempting to achieve various states meditation. Philosophers and theorists Descartes, Hume, and Kant practiced phenomenology in their studies of the states of perception, thought, and imagination. William James also used phenomenology when appraising kinds of mental activity. Throughout history phenomenology have been use is various contents but was not given a name. Edmund Husserl gave phenomenology a name and life.
Husserl and three other phenomenologists, Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty, discovered different conceptions, different methods, and different results of phenomenology. The Encyclopedia of Phenomenology notes seven types of phenomenology: 1) Transcendental constitutive…