The First Lateran Council, By Pope Innocent IIi Essay

1856 Words Nov 4th, 2016 8 Pages
The Fourth Lateran Council, as called by Pope Innocent III (1198-1216), was conducted on April 19, 1215. This council is sometimes referred to as the “Great Council” as over nine-hundred abbots and over four-hundred bishops attended the event at the Lateran palace in Rome. Some of these clergy men were “coming from as far afield as the Latin empire of Constantinople and crusader-held territories in the Levant (MP p. 139)” due to the importance of the event. The council, or synod as it sometimes is referred, was executed as a means to strengthen the influence of Christendom and the Catholic faith as held by the medieval papacy. In order to accomplish this, ecclesiastical canon laws were created and later implemented. These canons provided pastoral care for Christians, implemented rules for properly managed clerical offices, combated heresy, and formed new plans for future crusades. The canons affected everyone, as they “offered a wide-ranging, comprehensive set of reforms and regulations for governing the lives of Christians, including rulers and ruled, clergy and laity, men and women (MP. 139).” After reviewing source 6.23 Disciplining and purifying Christendom (RMA), it is particularly interesting how the papacy established canons that confronted issues such as those regarding Jews and their rights in a Christian community, restrictions and prohibitions on matrimony, and the overall idea of heresy to the Catholic faith. The canons of the Fourth Lateran Council as revealed…

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