Ap Euro Chapter 15-17 Summary

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Humanities 1020 Study Guide Chapter 15-17. Identify each in complete sentences:
1. Council of Trent
The main principal of the counter reformation, the Council of Trent was one of the Roman Catholic Church’s most regal councils
2. Jesuits
A member of the Society of Jesus, which was a Roman Catholic order of priests, founded by Ignatius Loyola
3. Ignatius Loyola
Ignatius Loyola was the founder of the Society of Jesus
4. Counter Reformation
The reaction of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation. It began in 1517, and lasted until the Peace of Westphalia (1648)
5. Piazza
A public square or marketplace, typically in an Italian town.
6. Baroque
A term used to describe the style of architecture, music, and art of the 17th and 18th centuries.
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Locke argued against the belief that human beings are born with certain ideas already in their minds. He claimed that, on the contrary, the mind is a tabula rasa (blank slate) until experience begins to “write” on it
34. Jan Vermeer
Dutch painter renowned for his use of light (1632-1675)
35. Johann Sebastian Bach
(21 March 1685 in Eisenach – 28 July 1750 in Leipzig) was a German composer and organist. He lived in the last part of the Baroque period.
36. The Augustans ask 37. Chiaroscuro an effect of contrasted light and shadow created by light falling unevenly or from a particular direction on something. Typically on a painting
38. Diego Velazquez
Spanish painter, court painter to Philip IV
39. Sun King
A nickname for Louis xiv that captures the magnificence of his court and of the Palace of Versailles, which he built. Louis himself adopted the sun as his emblem. A king of France in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries
40. Ecrasez l’infame
Crush the infamous, Voltaire
41. Sonata form a type of composition in three sections (exposition, development, and recapitulation) in which two themes or subjects are explored according to set key relationships. It forms the basis for much classical music, including the sonata, symphony, and

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