The First Language Acquisition Affects The Second Language Learning

747 Words Nov 12th, 2016 3 Pages
In this assignment, I will explore and analyse written and spoken text of an ESOL level 1 learner and how the first language acquisition affects the second language learning. It further recognises the mistakes in two texts separately and the reasons for making them referring to the learner’s background. It refers to the lexis, discourse level, sentence, phrase and word level and phoneme level to identify errors, to distinguish difference between two texts and to analyse them. It also looks for general strengths and weaknesses at a discourse and a written level then sets 3 SMART targets for the learner

3.1 Analyse ways in which language can be described.
Human languages are unique in comparison to other forms of communication. Language is defined as being productive because is consists of both spoken and written forms with varying linguistic devices.
Language can be categorised by the following:
Grammar is the rules and application of words to form a coherent sentence. We acquire rules subconsciously; known as ‘competence’ and application of this knowledge is called ‘performance’. Proficient speaker are competent at using morphemes to change verbs into new meaning. For example “Sara walked to the shops”. Native speaker are instinctively aware of the structure of a sentence and the order in which the words should appear (syntax). For instance, a simple sentence should contain a subject and a verb, and then an object could be included. Harmer mentions that knowledge of…

Related Documents