The First Language Acquisition Affects The Second Language Learning
3.1 Analyse ways in which language can be described.
Human languages are unique in comparison to other forms of communication. Language is defined as being productive because is consists of both spoken and written forms with varying linguistic devices.
Language can be categorised by the following:
Grammar is the rules and application of words to form a coherent sentence. We acquire rules subconsciously; known as ‘competence’ and application of this knowledge is called ‘performance’. Proficient speaker are competent at using morphemes to change verbs into new meaning. For example “Sara walked to the shops”. Native speaker are instinctively aware of the structure of a sentence and the order in which the words should appear (syntax). For instance, a simple sentence should contain a subject and a verb, and then an object could be included. Harmer mentions that knowledge of…