The End Of The Sixteenth Century Essay

809 Words Dec 8th, 2014 4 Pages
Towards the end of the sixteenth century, Great Britain sought to place colonies in the New World in order to combat Spain’s successes in South America. The first two successful colonies in North America were Jamestown, founded in 1607, and Massachusetts Bay, founded in 1630. The New England and Chesapeake regions were settled mostly by people of English origin, both evolved into two distinct societies due to the purposes of the colonies, the people who populated the colonies, and the principles of the colonists.
The reasons for the colonization of Jamestown varied greatly from the reasons for the colonization of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Jamestown was established for economical gain. Captain John Smith, who lived in Virginia during the first few years of the colony’s development, wrote that many settlers believed they would make a profit by finding gold and live by trading with the Indians(Doc F).The colonists were not interested in staying in Virginia for a long time and as a result were unprepared for the living conditions. Plenty died due to starvation and disease. In contrast to the Chesapeake region, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was established for religious reasons. The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, explained in his sermon that the Puritans desired to flee the sinful lifestyles of the corrupt Anglican Church and set up their own community. The goal of this society was to become an example for other colonies to emulate as a “City…

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