Essay about The Concept Of The Separation Of Powers

1234 Words Nov 30th, 2016 5 Pages
The concept of the Separation of Powers dates back to ancient Greece where for the first time the state was divided into branches, each having separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility. In its ideal form, the system is supposed to ensure that “the powers of one branch are not in conflict with the powers associated with the other branches.”(Czarny, 2016) Typically, the power is divided between three branches- legislature, executive, and judiciary as it is the case with the American system.
In the United States, the legislative branch is made up of the House of Representatives and Senate, which collectively make the U.S. Congress. Added to the legislative branch are the Library of Congress, Congressional Budget Office, and Government Accountability Office. The legislative branch has various powers in the American political system. “It makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies.”(The House) The executive branch is made of the President of the United States and his advisers and cabinet members. It also includes numerous federal agencies and departments. The main role of the executive branch is to enforce the laws passed previously by the Congress. Finally, the judicial branch is made of the Supreme Court of the United States and the Federal Judicial Center which serves as an education and research agency for federal courts. Obviously, the main power the judicial branch has is to interpret…

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