Legislative Branch Of The Constitution

Improved Essays
The Constitution was the start of building America up into what we see today and has lasted for over 200 years. Its inception as the Articles of Confederation or the “hand-shake” among states, grew into something more united (U.S. Constitution signed, n.d.). With the signing of the Constitution of the United States in 1787, the republic government was formed and established the three branches of government with overlapping powers.
The three branches include the Legislative, Executive and Judicial organizations. Each holding the other accountable so no one branch can gain too much power. These Madisonian checks and balances ensure big government doesn’t infringe on people’s liberties also outlined in the Bill of Rights (The Constitution, 2013).
…show more content…
The legislative branch is the nations Congress, that is comprised of the Senate, House of Representatives and other agencies. They have many responsibilities that include: constructing laws, confirming presidential appointments, grant money to the executive and judicial branches and can declare war. Recently, the Senate has decided to hold off on approving the presidential appointment of a Supreme Court nominee, after the recent passing of one of its members in February. The Republican senators believe it should fall on the next elected president to appoint the new member (Liptak, 2016). Another responsibility they hold are keeping the judicial branch in check by: overriding the president’s veto with two-thirds majority vote, directly funding the executive branch, preside over the impeachment of a president and oversee the approval of the presidential appointment in the Senate. They accomplish this with the power to impeach Senate appointed judges. If the branch holds the power to appoint someone, they hold the power to remove them too (Kelly, …show more content…
Their main responsibilities are to interpret the laws Congress passes and ensures they are in accordance with the Constitution. Their job is to hold courts to review all executive actions and laws within their jurisdiction. A recent report of the judicial branch ruling would be updates to a 2014 Court Rule that would shorten the sentences for 26,000 inmates. An independent agency of the federal judicial branch, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, re-assessed the 2014 ruling that changed the drug sentencing guidelines. They retroactively applied the ruling to inmates that where already convicted and sentenced, resulting in shorter prison time for these personnel (2014 Rule Shortens Sentences for 26,000 Inmates, 2016). Lastly, the judicial branch also reviews lower court decisions to also ensure they are meeting the intent of the Constitution (Kelly, 2015).
Since the inception of the Constitution, there have been few instances where the system of separation of powers has been in question. The separation of powers allows each branch to work interdepended but also have overlapping powers between the other branches. These overlapping of powers allow the checks and balances to occur, so no one branch holds all the power and everything the country does is within the bounds of the U.S. Constitution. As time goes on, power swings occur, but the systems in place balance

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Document 1 shows that the Articles of Confederation restrain the government from having a national court system, along with the power to enforce laws. The judicial branch helps the United States in many ways, as they interpret laws and rule on cases between states. The executive branch enforces the laws, which is important to keeping Americans safe. Even though there is a national court system and a branch that enforces laws, neither of them have complete power due to checks and balances. The system of checks and balances chart shows that the branches of government are crucial and effective.…

    • 507 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Judicial power of the U.S shall be invested in one supreme court”. This shows that each branch has its own job while still having to communicate with each other. Overall, separation of powers become the most important because each branch has a say in what is right or wrong.…

    • 563 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The judicial branch is the courts, supreme courts, courts of appeal, and the district court. The court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional. The court can declare laws unconstitutional. The legislative branch can approve presidential nominations, override a presidential veto, and impeach the president and remove him or her from office. All information provided was found in document C of the…

    • 893 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Articles of Confederation was the country’s first constitution. However, it caused many problems in domestic and foreign policies. It was ratified in 1781; in 1787 a convention was called to revise the Articles. The convention decided to developed an entirely new form of government, the U.S. Constitution. The Constitution was written to amend the problem of the Articles of Confederation.…

    • 748 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Three Branches

    • 1122 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The powers that Congress has over the judicial branch are impeachment, confirmation of judges in the district, circuit courts, and Supreme Court, presidential nomination, confirmation hearings, number of courts, partial control of the salary of the branches, etc. Even though Congress seems to have some control over the Judicial branch, the Supreme Court balances the power that Congress has. The constitution gives the Supreme Court original jurisdiction, a authority that cannot be stripped by Congress. (Whitehouse.gov) In Marbury vs. Madison, it was established that the Supreme Court, part of the Judicial branch, has the power to judicial review, the power to strike down laws. The Judicial branch also determined to have the power to investigate, interpret, implement, and deal with separation of power cases.…

    • 1122 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Three Branches

    • 499 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Lets start with the Executive Branch, which pertains to executing the laws. These branches consist of the president, vice president and other elected and appointed executives. The executive branch, headed by the president, administrates laws passed by congress We also have the judicial, which interprets the laws. Judicial Branch is comprised of the court system with the Supreme Court having the highest authority.…

    • 499 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ryan Hare PUA 241 Professor Prato Checks and Balances In The United States Constitution The legislative branch is the Supreme court and House of representatives; they are responsible for checking on the executive branch. The legislative has the ability to impeach power in the House. The senate approves departmental appointments, treaties, and ambassadors. The legislative branch also has the power to declare war and has to approve the replacement of a Vice President.…

    • 259 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The U.S. Constitution is a document that embraces the fundamental laws and principles by which the United States is governed. The preamble is a statement attached to the Constitution, it states, “We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of the liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.” The seven principles is the separation of powers between three branches the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative. One of the three branches is the Legislative branch, and their job is to create laws. It is a branch that…

    • 784 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Three Branches

    • 1573 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The Three Branches of the American Government The American government consists of three separate branches that include the following: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. These three branches have different duties that help make the democracy of the United States of America work. The Legislative branch’s main duty is to write the laws for the United States. The Executive branch’s main duty is to enforce the laws of this country. The main duty of the Judicial branch is to interpret the laws of the United States, with the body of the Judicial branch being the Supreme Court.…

    • 1573 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They make sure that the laws trying to be proposed by the rest of the legislative branch is what the people want, veto laws that break the constitution or the rights of people,…

    • 1330 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The legislative branch is one of the most crucial branches of government. Their job is to make laws. Last but not least there is the executive branch. It is their duty to make sure the laws of the United States are followed. The President of the United States is the head of the executive branch.…

    • 537 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Other powers-Headed by the president, to carry out the nation's laws. The Judicial Branch- primary job-Is a Court system, of the United States. Other powers-Hears cases involving the Constitution, laws passed by the congress, and disputes between states.…

    • 441 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Government Powers

    • 828 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Judicial Branch has a lot of influence, putting the…

    • 828 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    When the Constitution is imposed we prevent tyranny and protect our natural rights. The Separation of Powers creates a unique system of three separate branches, where each branch has a role to fulfill, and each serves as a check on each other. Branches consist of the legislative branch were Congress has the power, the executive branch were power is given to the President, and the Judicial branch were the Supreme Court has the power. The Separation of Powers is as important today as it was when the Founders first wrote the U.S. Constitution.…

    • 509 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Legistlative branch sets federal regulations, the Exceutive branch signs the treaties and protects home, and what does the Judicial branch have the power to do? Well, while the other two branches are off doing those things the Supreme Court sits back and watch them work. The Judicial branch’s role in the seperation of powers allows them to watch the other two branches of government to make sure they are abiding by the Constitution. This process is known as judicial review. Judicial review gives the courts the power to examine the actions of the legislative, executive, and administrative arms of the government and to determine whether such actions are consistent with the constitution (Tate, 2015).…

    • 176 Words
    • 1 Pages
    Decent Essays