Legislative Branch Of The Constitution

Improved Essays
The Constitution was the start of building America up into what we see today and has lasted for over 200 years. Its inception as the Articles of Confederation or the “hand-shake” among states, grew into something more united (U.S. Constitution signed, n.d.). With the signing of the Constitution of the United States in 1787, the republic government was formed and established the three branches of government with overlapping powers.
The three branches include the Legislative, Executive and Judicial organizations. Each holding the other accountable so no one branch can gain too much power. These Madisonian checks and balances ensure big government doesn’t infringe on people’s liberties also outlined in the Bill of Rights (The Constitution, 2013).
…show more content…
The legislative branch is the nations Congress, that is comprised of the Senate, House of Representatives and other agencies. They have many responsibilities that include: constructing laws, confirming presidential appointments, grant money to the executive and judicial branches and can declare war. Recently, the Senate has decided to hold off on approving the presidential appointment of a Supreme Court nominee, after the recent passing of one of its members in February. The Republican senators believe it should fall on the next elected president to appoint the new member (Liptak, 2016). Another responsibility they hold are keeping the judicial branch in check by: overriding the president’s veto with two-thirds majority vote, directly funding the executive branch, preside over the impeachment of a president and oversee the approval of the presidential appointment in the Senate. They accomplish this with the power to impeach Senate appointed judges. If the branch holds the power to appoint someone, they hold the power to remove them too (Kelly, …show more content…
Their main responsibilities are to interpret the laws Congress passes and ensures they are in accordance with the Constitution. Their job is to hold courts to review all executive actions and laws within their jurisdiction. A recent report of the judicial branch ruling would be updates to a 2014 Court Rule that would shorten the sentences for 26,000 inmates. An independent agency of the federal judicial branch, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, re-assessed the 2014 ruling that changed the drug sentencing guidelines. They retroactively applied the ruling to inmates that where already convicted and sentenced, resulting in shorter prison time for these personnel (2014 Rule Shortens Sentences for 26,000 Inmates, 2016). Lastly, the judicial branch also reviews lower court decisions to also ensure they are meeting the intent of the Constitution (Kelly, 2015).
Since the inception of the Constitution, there have been few instances where the system of separation of powers has been in question. The separation of powers allows each branch to work interdepended but also have overlapping powers between the other branches. These overlapping of powers allow the checks and balances to occur, so no one branch holds all the power and everything the country does is within the bounds of the U.S. Constitution. As time goes on, power swings occur, but the systems in place balance

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The president can use two types of veto; these include the general veto and the pocket veto. The general veto is the president refusing to sign a bill into law. Congress can override the President’s veto by voting it into law by a two-thirds majority vote in both houses; this action is extremely tough to accomplish due to the diversity of congress. The pocket veto is more complicated. When implementing the pocket veto, The President leaves the bill on his desk unsigned.…

    • 727 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The separation of power is made up of three branches; which are Legislative (congress) branch, Executive (presidential) branch and Judicial (Supreme Court) branch. However, it’s difficult because checks and balance must occur. For instants the president can pardon whoever they want, and may veto in other words block laws that is passed by Congress. But Congress can still pass laws if and when a vote of two-thirds of both houses succeeds. The Supreme Court can check Congress by stating that a law unconstitutional.…

    • 1772 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    For example when the legislative branch passes along a bill for the president to sign, the president can veto the bill and send it back. The president, as head of state, is responsible for the implementation and execution of the laws in the United States. There are several government sponsored groups such as the CIA and the FBI that assist the president in day to day operations of the United States. The president also has to deliver the State of the Union address every year to the United States congress. The president also has the power to issue…

    • 1702 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Congress has the power to ratify treaties, enact legislations and appropriations (funding). War Powers Resolution 's main goal is to check the president 's power in times of war by preventing troops from being sent into combat without the permission of Congress. The law accurately states the president must consult with Congress, report to Congress within 48 hours of introducing armed forces into hostilities, and withdraw troops after 60 to 90 days if Congress does not provide…

    • 1391 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Executive Branch Essay

    • 1071 Words
    • 5 Pages

    For example, the use of congressional oversight gives Congress the authority to monitor the executive’s policy implementation and executive activities. When the President issue an executive order, Article II Section 3 of the Constitution, he is directed to “take Care that the Laws are faithfully executed.” For any reason the President goes against the Constitution, the Congress can issue an impeachment. Although “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors” are the main factors in issuing impeachment, it is a political decision. The House of Representatives can choose to impeach any time for any reason (Ginsberg, Lowi and Weir et al 2015, 302). Since the Judicial Branch have the power to interpret laws, they judge whether or not executive actions are constitutional through the use of judicial review.…

    • 1071 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The judicial branch is in charge of interpreting the laws that the legislative branch writes, the meaning of such laws, and the apply it to individual cases and more importantly, they decide whether a law violates the constitution. The Supreme Court is the final stop for any cases that were appealed and they go through the entire legal system chain. Important cases that were affected by war or even an attempt to maintain the overall peace in the US. The Supreme Court is the highest federal court in the US and in order to become a justice one must get nominated by the president of the united states (executive) and approved by the senate (Legislative). The Supreme Court might not seem as important when it comes to the international laws, however, they are burden with the moral decision on whether the other branches are taking it too far when they are executing some of the laws created under duress.…

    • 994 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They write laws, levy tax, confirm Supreme Court justices, decide budgets and carry out impeachment processes and trials. In the idea of checks and balance, the legislative branch always gets the final check. A few examples that make this branch the strongest are, the president can veto a bill but congress can override the veto. Congress can remove a president or a Supreme Court justice with a valid accusation of the individual and trial. The legislative not only have the power to override and create laws but they all show to represent the people with their…

    • 886 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The Evolution and Interpretation of the United States Constitution On July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed and The United States of America declared itself a separate and independent nation. On June 21, 1788 the United States Constitution was made official, replacing the Articles of Confederation. Since its ratification, the Constitution has been amended several times in order to better apply to current times and situations the Founding Fathers could not have predicted. Despite all the changes the Constitution has gone through, its core principles remain. The authors of the Constitution set limits, which still apply to our modern day society, on each branch of government.…

    • 1089 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The 14th Amendment

    • 717 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Section 1 (a) the executive branch may veto legislation and may call special sessions of congress the legislative may override a president’s veto, may impeach the president, approves appointment's of judges and approves treaties (b) the framers intentions were to keep any branch of government from having too much power and the checks and balances make their intentions possible. 2. 1. (a) skipped (b) it basically means that the law must be obeyed no matter what and no one is immune to the law also it means no one man has more power than the law. 3.…

    • 717 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It states important ideas include the separation of powers between branches of government (checks and balances), the election of Senators and Representatives, and the process by which laws are made, and the powers that Congress has. The President is commander and chief. In more resent reason the president has gotten more power. The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments. With the help of advisers, the president makes the foreign policy of the United States.…

    • 962 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays