The Causes And Effects Of The Industrial Revolution

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Industrial revolution: The time period of 1760 to 1820 a changeover to new manufacturing processes took place and this era is known as industrial revolution. Production that was done by hands earlier was now done by machines. To improve the efficiency, quality and time of the work at hand, water power, steam power and machine tools were used. An increased usage of such things was to be seen. Coal was used in a large amount as well. The main and primary industry at the time of industrial revolution was of textile. Textile industry gave more value of output, terms of employment and capital invested. It was the first industry to use modern way of production. Industrial revolution is said to be the main …show more content…
Moreover, the Samuel Crompton invented Spinning Mule which produced tougher and finer cotton thread.
Effect of industrial Revolution: the industrial revolution had effects on:
• Working conditions: as the working class in Industrial revolution formed up to 80% so they had no bargaining power with the industries. As a result there was high rate of unemployment in the industrial revolution. As the textile industry and other industries were newly developed they had no rules and regulations to protect workers. The talented and experienced workers were unemployed and were of no match to the industry of textile now. Their talents were useless then.
• Living Conditions – with the revolution of the industry many workers were shifting to the cities. Their whole lives were getting reformed. The lives of whole family were affected and were improved. Whereas the skilled workers and weavers were concerned, their living standard decreased a great deal. Post industrial revolution they lived a content life and earned enough income to be a middle class person and fed the family. Later they became less privileged and suffered loss as they could not compete with the industry at
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The wells got polluted with diseases and no proper drinking water was available. Diseases like Cholera, tuberculosis, typhus and typhoid spread throughout the cities and became common.
• The emerging middle class – Before industrial revolution there were only two classes, the upper class that were privileged, had everything and were rich. The lower class that was with low income and consisted of working people. Later a third class arose that was the middle class, this consisted of accountants, managers, lawyers and doctors etc.
Impact of industrial revolution on politics The industrial revolution brought about many changes but it couldn’t change the fact
That the human labor was needed alongside the machines to operate the whole industry. Raw materials were a very important factor and were needed to keep the work going. Countries that had a good amount of machines still needed labor and raw materials. They had to reach out to countries for raw materials that increased the interaction with foreign countries. This improved their foreign relations and trade relations as well with other

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