Industrial Revolution In Great Britain

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The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing process in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. Great Britain was the birthplace of The Industrial Revolution. The revolution marked a shift of power, special purpose machinery, factories, and mass production. There were many products that played a major role in the revolution, these products include iron, textiles, and the steam engine. During this time transportation, communication, living standards, and banking improved in many ways. Before the Industrial Revolution many people used to produce a bulk of their own food, clothes, furniture, and tools from their homes. There was no way to mass produce these items, so people just made them themselves. …show more content…
Things eventually led to a better life for most people. The changes to machine production caused human suffering in the beginning. There were plenty of jobs for the people of Great Britain, but the working conditions were unhealthy. There was pollution in the air and water of the workplaces. Children were forced to work, the average was 14 hour work days, six days a week. The workplaces were not well lit or clean. The most dangerous workplace was the coal mines, women and children were the ones who worked in the coal mine because they were the cheapest labor. The lifespan of a coal worker was ten years shorter than other workers. There were many accidents in the mines and the workers were constantly breathing in coal …show more content…
The good geography, financial systems, and natural resources made it easier to start industrialization in other countries. The conditions in the U.S. and Europe were almost the same as Great Britain. The U.S. had many resources and good sources of labor. The industrialization in the U.S. started the same way as it did in Great Britain, with the textile industry. Great Britain did not allow engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to leave the country. Samuel Slater broke the rules and emigrated to the U.S. in 1789. He built a spinning machine with a partial design and memory. Moses Brown had the first factory in the U.S., The factory produced thread. In 1813 Francis Cabot Lowell revolutionized the American textile industry by mechanizing every stage of manufacturing cloth. Women soon came to these factory towns and became known as mill girls. There were several things that caused a technological boom during the expansion in the U.S. The amount of natural resources, the burst of inventions, and the growing urban population had played a major role in the technological industry during this time. Railroads also continued to have a huge role in the U.S.’s industrialization. Large businesses started becoming a part of industrialization, but large businesses took a lot of money to keep them running. People sold shares of stock to raise money. Larger corporations sprang up, these corporations were ones who were owned by

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