Study Guide for Socio 120 Final Exam Essay
1. Social Mobility
Common in a class system: an open society
Meaning = The movement, upwards or down the social hierarchy.
Types of Social Mobility: * Vertical mobility Changes-upwards and downwards the social status/classes. * Horizontal Mobility Change that does involve changes in monetary rewards. * Intergenerational mobility Inter: in between, generation: 30 years Refers to changes that have occurred between generations. This is when you compare yourself to your parents. * Intra-generational mobility Intra: within Refers to changes that have …show more content…
A rebel comes out with new goals and new means, which can’t be accepted by the society. Some psychologists believe that rapists are a rebel. 4. Retreatism | X | X | A Retreatist |
(They don’t want to change the society. They just don’t want to be bothered.
Retreatism is a military concept. It refers to when soldiers withdraw from the front line. To retreat is to withdraw. Retreatists refer to those who have withdrawn from the society such as long-term alcoholics, drug addicts, and vagabonds. 5. Ritualsm | X | V | A Ritualist |
Ritualism is common in organizations where is emphasis on rules or regulations more than goals. The examples for this are colleges and universities.
Practice Application or Policy Implications of the Structural Theory of Deviance 1. Welfare Programs 2. Social Security 3. Section 8 housing 4. Food Stamps 5. Unemployment benefits
Critiques= 1. Structural strain theory cannot explain mental disorder such as exhibitionism (i.e. flashers). 2. It also doesn’t explain why wealthy people embezzle funds or steal money/property/cheap items.
4. Davis and Moore’s Theory of Stratification
Wilbert Moore and Kingsley Davis’ functionalist perspective about social stratification (the process of ranking people in a society). Moore and Davis’ theory of social stratification argues that the rich are rich people; they have scarce talents and skills