Statistics Essay

1063 Words Nov 3rd, 2012 5 Pages
Level: EAP5 “ Statistics should be interpreted with caution as they can be misleading; they can both lie and tell the truth”

Statistics are being used everyday to describe things in working and studying areas to show the productivity of the results they are hoping for. Therefore, people observe and notice alternative objects the world around. Throughout this fact, similarities and differences are such features that could endanger or turned out as advantages. This is called statistics. Explanations of the word “statistics” are “ information based on a study of the number of times something happens or is present or other numerical facts” (Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 3rd
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Most often, statistics are obtained by taking a sample from a larger group and assuming the whole group has the same characteristics as the sample. More than this, statistics are usually in the form of ranking, since it is surprisingly based on comparisons with other quantities rather than specifying specific amounts, there are special problems, which are need to be aware of. Part of the problem with ranking is that it does not tell much about the actual amount involved, which can easily to get confused.

Here are some examples of misleading statistics, which are having more pictures than it actually has:
Author: Lori Alden
Audience: High school and college economics students
Summary: With this series of 12 puzzles, you can help your students become more discriminating consumers of economic statistics.
Procedure: Each of the following problems shows one or more misleading statistics. See if your students can figure out why they're misleading.
1. The following statistics suggest that 16-year-olds are safer drivers than people in their twenties, and that octogenarians are very safe. Is this true?

As the following graph shows, the reason 16 year old and octogenarians appear to be save drivers is that they don’t drive as nearly as much people in other age groups.

2. "The best public schools offer a more challenging curriculum than most private schools." Are public schools therefore better than private schools?

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