State And Revolution : Lenin 's Economic And Social Premises Of A Revolution
In his book State and Revolution, Lenin describes the economic and social premises of a revolution. He wrote this piece to demonstrate the “widespread distortion of Marxism” on the question of the state and the proletariat or Workers’ revolution. The state as defined by Lenin is a coercive force as utilized by the ruling class to implement control over the working class. It includes special bodies of armed men, prisons, etc. In order to to apply what Lenin has described, it is important to understand the state and what the working class needs to do to the state in the course of the revolution. Ultimately, I want to focus on these lessons and what we as members of a revolutionary socialist party can do with historical events in Vietnam and how to apply the analytical framework to contemporary and future events.
What is the State? The “state” as described by Lenin is a coercive force that includes institutions by which class rule is maintained. This includes the army, the police, prisons, etc. Today, we live in a class society where the ruling class does not represent the interests of the majority of the whole population. Only a minority maintains its power and privileges by exploiting the majority. As conditions worsen for working people, the ruling minority have to persuade the working world to accept the situation by utilizing the state to their own advantage.
They persuade the masses partly through their control of the mass media, education, and other…