Sociological Inquiry of Eldery Out Migrants Essay

10210 Words Mar 20th, 2013 41 Pages
A sociological inquiry of elderly out migrant returnees to Kerala

Introduction
“A home is a place you grow up wanting to leave, and grow old wanting to get back to” -John Ed Pierce
“We shall not cease from exploration and the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time” -T S Eliot
Human civilization starts with the incessant flow of people moving from one place to another. Migrations of human populations have been a fundamental part in the history of mankind. Numerous studies show that the process of migration is influenced by social, cultural and economic factors and outcomes can be vastly different for men and women, for different groups and different locations (cf.
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In many parts of India, it is rare to find a family without at least a single migrant (Mosse et al 2002).
This research is a meeting ground between two well established academic ad applied fields: migration studies and social gerontology. The present research is firmly grounded in sociology , but strongly interdisciplinary in scope.
The study’s focus is on elderly out migrant returnees of Kerala i.e. individuals who migrated out of the state of Kerala , lived within India for a considerable period of time and returned back to Kerala in the later years of life, thus this topic dwells into the phenomenon of return migration which is a form of migration or can be considered as one of the stage in the cycle of migration.
Keralites in the past were homebound people as revealed in the Census reports showing the absence of any settlement of Keralites in other parts of India till the end of the 19th century (Joseph ,K V,2006). However, there is seen a transformation of the keralites towards the turn of the century who came out as a highly mobile class in India.
It has been noted that Malayalees , especially after the Indian independence have migrated to metropolitan centers of India ;Delhi,Mumbai,Kolkata and Chennai. Migratory movements have also been seen into cities like Hyderabad, Pune and states like Gujrat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. these migration within India have been termed as Out –Migration in the Indian census terminology.

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